COMMON DRIVING FAULTS


Recorded by examiners under each of the headings shown
Use this as a guide to help you determine what, if any, driving weaknesses you may still have

1 COMPLY WITH REQUIREMENTS OF EYESIGHT TEST
Unable to read a number plate at 67 feet or 20.5 meters which is about five car lengths

2 TAKE PRECAUTIONS BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
Jumping forward while attempting to start the engine with the car in gear
Rolling backwards or forwards while attempting to restart the engine

3a MAKE PROPER USE OF ACCELERATOR
Excessive pressure causing wheel spin
Erratic pressure causing surging
Not removing pressure while changing gear
Applying pressure too soon after changing gear

3b MAKE PROPER USE OF CLUTCH
Jerky control
Lack of control
Releases too quickly
Riding the pedal
Not pressing fully to the floor
Not used when stopping

3c MAKE PROPER USE OF HANDBRAKE
Not applying when necessary
Not releasing properly
Moving away with it partially on
Not applying properly
Applying on the move
Rolling backwards or forwards after stopping

3d MAKE PROPER USE OF GEARS
Incorrect gear selection
Reluctant to select higher gears
Labours the engine
Does not match gear with road speed
Excessive speed in gear
Unnecessary gear changes
Used to reduce speed instead of brakes
Selected too soon for hazards
Selected too late for hazards
Coasting with clutch down
Coasting in neutral

3e MAKE PROPER USE OF FOOT BRAKE
Not used when required
Late use on approach to hazards
Harsh use by pressing too fiercely

3f MAKE PROPER USE OF STEERING
Incorrect hand position on the wheel
Losing control by crossing hands
Allowing wheel to spin back after turning
Retaining hand on the gear lever for too long
Removes both hands from steering wheel
Overshooting right turns
Over steers on corners
Under steers on corners
Steering with the right arm on the window ledge
Striking the kerb when stopping

4a MOVE AWAY SAFELY
No attempt to look around
Lack of observation ahead and to the rear
Moves away when unsafe

4b MOVE AWAY UNDER CONTROL
Stalls the engine
Moving away at too high a speed
Rolls back

5a STOP THE VEHICLE IN AN EMERGENCY PROMPTLY
Slow reaction to signal
Not stopping quickly enough

5b STOP THE VEHICLE UNDER CONTROL
Uses foot brake and clutch together
Clutch pedal used too soon
Harsh application of foot brake
Uses handbrake to stop
Locks front or rear wheels
Induces a skid by braking and steering at the same time
Loses control by skidding

6a REVERSE INTO A LIMITED OPENING TO THE RIGHT OR LEFT UNDER CONTROL
Poor Clutch control
Stalls the engine
Excessive acceleration
Foot brake not used when required
Erratic use of steering
Touches kerb
Mounts pavement
Over centre of the side road
Unable to enter side road
Too far from kerb at completion
Car not parallel to the kerb

6b REVERSE INTO A LIMITED OPENING TO THE RIGHT OR LEFT WITH PROPER OBSERVATION
Does not look out of rear window
Does not take all around observation throughout
Uses nearside door mirror for observation
Does not observe other road users
Does not give way to other road users
Does not pull forwards to allow vehicle to emerge from the side road

7a TURN IN THE ROAD UNDER CONTROL
Poor clutch control
Stalls the engine
Excessive acceleration
Harsh use of foot brake
Not applying the handbrake properly
Strikes kerbs with front or rear wheels
Mounts pavement with front or rear wheels
Overhangs the kerb with front or rear of car
Unable to complete exercise within five moves
Turns the steering wheel in the wrong direction
No attempt to correct steering on forward or reverse moves

7b TURN IN THE ROAD WITH PROPER OBSERVATION
Lack of all round observation before moving
Moves forwards or backwards when unsafe to do so
Does not look to the rear while reversing
Only looks back over one shoulder while reversing
Lack of all round observation during each movement
Continues with movement, does not give way to passing traffic
Does not allow pedestrians to proceed safely on the pavements

8a REVERSE PARK UNDER CONTROL
Poor clutch control
Stalls the engine
Excessive acceleration
Insufficient or excessive steering
Harsh use of foot brake
Too close to parked car
Strikes the kerb with front or rear nearside wheel
Too far away from the left hand kerb at completion
Car finishes up at an angle to the kerb
Unable to complete within two car lengths

8b REVERSE PARK WITH PROPER OBSERVATION
Does not take all round observation before exercise
Does not look out of the rear window while reversing
Uses door mirror to observe while reversing
Ignores passing traffic and does not give way
Reverses back with pedestrians passing by on the pavement at rear

9a MAKE EFFECTIVE USE OF MIRROR(S) WELL BEFORE SIGNALLING
Does not use Mirror Signal Manoeuvre routine
Signals before using mirrors
Looks and signals at the same time
Does not take appropriate action after observing traffic in mirrors
Signals regardless of following traffic situation

9b MAKE EFFECTIVE USE OF MIRROR(S) WELL BEFORE CHANGING DIRECTION
Does not consult mirrors before turning left
Does not consult mirrors before turning right
Does not consult mirrors before changing lanes
Does not consult mirrors before overtaking
Does not consult mirrors after overtaking

9c MAKE EFFECTIVE USE OF MIRROR(S) WELL BEFORE CHANGING SPEED
Does not consult mirrors before increasing speed
Does not consult mirrors before reducing speed
Does not consult mirrors before stopping

10a GIVE SIGNALS WHERE NECESSARY
Omits signals when they could benefit other road users

10b GIVE SIGNALS CORRECTLY
Gives signals in the wrong direction
Gives misleading signals
Does not cancel signals after completion of manoeuvre
Using any signal not in the highway code

10c GIVE SIGNALS PROPERLY TIMED
Give signals too early
Gives signals too late
Signals for too short a period of time
Signals for too long a period of time

11a(i) TAKE CORRECT AND PROMPT ACTION ON ALL TRAFFIC SIGNS
    Disregards speed limit signs
    Does not obey mandatory signs
    Ignores prohibiting signs
    Ignores warning signs

11a(ii) TAKE CORRECT AND PROMPT ACTION ON ALL ROAD MARKINGS
    Does not act in accordance with lane direction arrows
    Crosses or straddles double white lines
    Drives in bus lanes at prohibited times
    Parks on double yellow lines
    Disregards box junction markings
    Stops on worded markings such as “Keep Clear”
    Parks on zig-zag lines

11a(iii) TAKE CORRECT AND PROMPT ACTION AT TRAFFIC LIGHTS
    Attempts to drive through a Red light
    Does not stop on Amber when it was safe to do so
    Drives away on Red and Amber
    Proceeds on green light when unsafe to do so

11b(i) TAKE CORRECT AND PROMPT ACTION ON ALL SIGNALS BY TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS
    Disregards signals given by police or a traffic warden
    Disregards signals given by a person in charge of road works with Stop/Go sign
    Disregards signal given by School Crossing Patrol

11b(ii) TAKE CORRECT AND PROMPT ACTION ON ALL SIGNALS BY OTHER ROAD USERS
    Disregards clearly given signals by other drivers

12 EXERCISE PROPER CARE IN THE USE OF SPEED
Drives in excess of the speed limit
Drives at a speed which is too fast for the road and traffic conditions

13 FOLLOW BEHIND ANOTHER VEHICLE AT A SAFE DISTANCE
Drives too close to large vehicles ahead
Does not adopt the two second rule
Drives closer than thinking distance in heavy traffic
Stops too close to vehicles ahead in traffic queues

14a MAKES PROGRESS BY DRIVING AT A SPEED APPROPRIATE TO THE ROAD AND TRAFFIC CONDITIONS
Crawls along at slow speeds on clear roads
Makes no attempt to achieve maximum speeds for the road when safe to do so
Reduces speed excessively when the conditions do not merit doing so
Makes slow progress through the gears in normal driving

14b MAKES PROGRESS BY AVOIDING UNDUE HESITANCY
Makes predetermined stops at Junctions and other hazards
Waits unnecessarily when it is safe to proceed at junctions
Waits for Green light at Pedestrian Crossings when clear on flashing amber
Waits for other drivers, who are clearly giving way

15a ACT PROPERLY AT ROAD JUNCTION WITH REGARD TO SPEED ON APPROACH
Approaches at too high a speed
Approaches at too slow a speed

15b ACT PROPERLY AT ROAD JUNCTION WITH REGARD TO OBSERVATION
Only looks in one direction at junctions before emerging
Looks in both directions after emerging
Does not look in the direction of travel while emerging
Takes no observation whatsoever at unmarked crossroads
Emerges at too slow a speed
Emerges when traffic is too close or too fast
Emerges into the path of approaching traffic

15c ACT PROPERLY AT ROAD JUNCTION WITH REGARD TO POSITION BEFORE TURNING RIGHT
Positions over centre lines
Positions left of centre in narrow roads
Does not position near enough to centre lines
Does not move into protected centre lane
Does not use right hand lane, when one is available
Does not proceed far enough forward when giving way to oncoming traffic
Does not move out to centre of the side road when turning right at traffic lights
Sits behind stop line at green light, with room to move forwards

15d ACT PROPERLY AT ROAD JUNCTION WITH REGARD TO POSITION BEFORE TURNING LEFT
Too far from left hand kerb on the approach
Swings out to the right on the approach
Too close to the kerb on approach
Drives over the kerb with rear nearside wheel

15e ACT PROPERLY AT ROAD JUNCTION WITH REGARD TO CUTTING RIGHT HAND CORNERS
Cuts across onto the wrong side of side road while turning the corner

16a DEAL WITH OTHER VEHICLES SAFELY WHEN OVERTAKING
Attempts to overtake in an unsafe location
Attempts to overtake when traffic conditions make it unsafe to do so
Takes too long a time and distance to carry out manoeuvre
Does not give enough clearance to other vehicles
Cuts back in too soon after overtaking

16b DEAL WITH OTHER VEHICLES SAFELY WHEN MEETING
Causes oncoming traffic to slow down or stop
Drives on towards other vehicles when other vehicles have priority

16c DEAL WITH OTHER VEHICLES SAFELY WHEN CROSSING THEIR PATH
Inconveniences oncoming road users by cutting across in front of them

17a POSITION THE VEHICLE CORRECTLY DURING NORMAL DRIVING
Drives too close to the left hand kerb
Drives too far out towards the middle of the road

17b POSITION THE VEHICLE CORRECTLY - EXERCISE LANE DISCIPLINE
Chooses incorrect lane when proceeding ahead at roundabouts or traffic lights
Straddles lane markings
Wanders back and forwards from one lane to the other

18 ALLOW ADEQUATE CLEARANCE TO STATIONARY VEHICLES
Drives too close to the rear of stationary vehicles before pulling out
Drives too close to the side of stationary vehicles while driving past
Cuts back to the left too soon after passing stationary vehicles

19 TAKES APPROPRIATE ACTION AT PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS
Does not reduce speed on the approach when vision is restricted
Approaches at too high a speed with pedestrians on crossing
Overtaking on Zig-Zag lines on approach
Not giving precedence to pedestrians on a crossing
Not stopping at give way or stop lines when necessary
Not acting in accordance with the traffic lights controlling the crossing
Harassing pedestrians
Waving pedestrians over a crossing
Moving away before pedestrians have crossed over in front of the car
Attempting to proceed when unsafe to do so
Stopping on the actual crossing

20 SELECT A SAFE POSITION FOR NORMAL STOPS
Stopping in an unsafe or inconvenient location
Blocking an entrance or driveway when stopping
Causing an obstruction to other road users
Stopping too far away from the pavement
Stopping with one or more wheels on the pavement

21 SHOW AWARENESS AND ANTICIPATION OF THE ACTIONS OF OTHER ROAD USERS
Not anticipating that pedestrians are about to cross the road at any time
Not giving way to pedestrians at junctions or pedestrian crossings
Not anticipating that cyclists may be passing on the left or right
Not anticipating that cyclists are about to make a change of direction
Not anticipating or showing awareness of direction signals given by other drivers
Not anticipating or showing awareness of vehicles displaying hazard flashers
Not anticipating or showing awareness of vehicles reversing lights
Not anticipating or showing awareness of brake lights on other vehicles
Not anticipating the actions of other drivers changing speed or direction

22 USE OF ANCILLARY CONTROLS
Only applicable if driver requires to use them in addition to the normal controls
Not operating the front or rear windscreen wipers or washers when required
Not operating the side or headlamp controls when required
Not operating the horn when required
Not operating the heated rear screen control when required
Not operating the demister controls when required
Not operating the hazard warning lights when required
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